Motor disorders are also known as movement disorders because of some damage to the nervous system that causes abnormal and involuntary movements. It is developmental disorders in human which cause poor muscle coordination. Movement disorders commonly have a bad effect on speed, fluency, and smoothness and ease to move.
There are a lot of pathological reasons that lead to this severe form of the disorder known as motor or movement disorders. Most specifically the brain area which is named as basal ganglia is largely a major contributing factor in causing pathology for movement. It is a part of the cerebrum. Damage in gray matter cause movement problems. Moreover, the defects also in the base of the brain or cerebellum which directly linked to problematic walking, and imbalances in body posture.
Although, genetics and heredity is the most implicated cause of abnormal movements. There are many other reasons such as stress, drugs and so on that play a vital role to trigger this particular condition. Stress, anxiety and emotional disturbance lead to abnormal movements like tremors. Tremors are rhythmic movements of hands, feet, head or voice.
Older individuals may manifest essential tremors. Studies have shown that the number of antipsychotic drugs also tendency to show movement difficulties. Additionally, chronic diseases like an overactive thyroid gland can trigger tremors. Alcohol consumption can cause abnormal gait or ataxia along with problems of coordination and balance. Iron deficiency leads to restless leg syndrome.
Types of Motor Disorder
Developmental Coordination Disorder
It is a form of developmental disorder in which the acquisition & execution of coordinated motor skills is substantially below expectations (fine & gross motor delays/impairments) and motor deficits significantly impact functioning. Usually, it has an onset during the developmental period. The prevalence rate is high among children of age 5 to 11 and more common in boys as compared to girls.
Stereotypic Movement Disorder
It is a type of movement disorder in which the repetitive, seemingly driven and apparently purposeless motor behaviors are more common and consequently, repetitive motor behaviors interfere with social, academic, or other activities, may result in self-injury. The onset is generally the early developmental period.
Another type of motor disorder is Tourette syndrome in which both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics have been present at some time during the illness, although not necessarily concurrently. The tics may wax and wane in frequency but have persisted for more than 1 year since the first tic onset. Mostly, the onset is before age 18 years old.
Motor Skills Disorder a condition in which a person’s ability to move around or to perform complex tasks is damaged is known as motor skill disorder.
Motor Disorder Treatment
Treatment range varies from individual to individual. It might be Home-Based Interventions or School-Based Interventions in the classroom. Apart from that, Clinic-Based Interventions are also applied to enhance normal functioning. Some common treatments include physical therapy, medication for body imbalance, or in rare cases, injections for overacting muscles and destruction of some peripheral nerves. Of course, drastic measures comes the risk of side effects.
This is why most people are seeking out alternative therapies such as touch therapy, homeopathic supplements or herbal teas, and acupuncture. The physician may also see fit to use a CT scan, an MRI or a PET scan, along with blood and urine analyses. Lastly, patient video recording for the study is also a good thing.